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10 years of sacrifice

This post seems to be out of context. But investing in yourself is also important. This will also be a blog where I can share the things I learn and a reminder for me in the journey of learning.

So, you want to be an expert? You need to budget about ten years of effort, regardless of the subject area. Researchers∗ have studied chess playing, music composi- tion, painting, piano playing, swimming, tennis, and other skills and disciplines. In virtually every case, from Mozart to the Beatles, you find evidence of a minimum of a decade of hard work before world-class expertise shows up.

And hard work it is—merely working at a subject for ten years isn’t enough. You need to practice. Deliberate practice, according to noted cognitive scientist Dr. K. Anderson Ericsson, requires four conditions:

  1. You need a well-defined task.
  2. The task needs to be appropriately difficult—challenging but doable.
  3. The environment needs to supply informative feedback that you can act on.
  4. It should also provide opportunities for repetition and correction of errors.

However, there is some good news. Once you become an expert in one field, it becomes much easier to gain exper- tise in another. At least you already have the acquisition skills and model-building abilities in place.

Speed reading through pragmatic thinking and learning. The points is quite similar to the outlier but more applicable. Framework including SQ3R and mindmap combined with experiential learning.

Not only this, Dreyfus 5 stage of skill acquisition is also important.

1. Novice
  • “rigid adherence to taught rules or plans”
  • no exercise of “discretionary judgment”
2. Advanced beginner
  • limited “situational perception”
  • all aspects of work treated separately with equal importance
3. Competent
  • “coping with crowdedness” (multiple activities, accumulation of information)
  • some perception of actions in relation to goals
  • deliberate planning
  • formulates routines
4. Proficient
  • holistic view of situation
  • prioritizes importance of aspects
  • “perceives deviations from the normal pattern”
  • employs maxims for guidance, with meanings that adapt to the situation at hand
5. Expert
  • transcends reliance on rules, guidelines, and maxims
  • “intuitive grasp of situations based on deep, tacit understanding”
  • has “vision of what is possible”
  • uses “analytical approaches” in new situations or in case of problems

With this we should ask ourself:

  1. Rate yourself. Where do you see yourself in the Dreyfus model for the primary skills you use at work? List the ways your current skill level impacts you.
  2. Identify other skills where you are a novice, advanced begin- ner, and so on. Be aware of the possibility of second-order incompetence when making these evaluations.
  3. For each of these skills, decide what you need to advance to the next level. Keep these examples in mind as you read the remainder of this book.
  4. Think back to problems you’ve experienced on a project team. Could any of them have been avoided if the team had been aware of the Dreyfus model? What can you do differently going forward?
  5. Think of your teammates: Where are they on their journey? How can that be helpful to you?

With this, it’s time to sleep and think of a way to make good use of what I’ve read tomorrow. Hopefully I will come out with a good learning system be it studying or in investing and speculating. Found a interest website called mnemosyne project.

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